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Latest Articles - Luxury

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The Cuban leader Fidel Castro, a revolutionary Che Gevara, politicians Winston Churchill and Bill Clinton, writers Somerset Maugham and Mark Twain, the actor and the political figure Arnold  Schwarzenegger – these names are well-known and these figures are best known to the world for their political, social, literary and other achievements. Moreover, the abovementioned people highly esteem cigar smoking and, thus, they come as people who own the greatest number of tools and accessories so requisite for this leisurely process and among others there are cigar lighters.

Crystal Glass Tableware – A Song of Crystal

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Corundum: Precious Magic

Saturday, 20 March 2010

corundumThe gemstone generally known as corundum has many names. The name corundum is probably derived from the Sanskrit «kauruntaka» or «kuruvinda» meaning «ruby». Every variety of corundum is always called by its variety name. The term «corundum», when used alone, refers to a brown, non-transparent variety. All other varieties (sapphire, ruby, padparadschah, and emery) are always known by their respective names, though corundum is often referred to as chloro-sapphire, almandine, Oriental diamond, violet, Bengali amethyst, Oriental aquamarine, Oriental emerald, Oriental topaz, Oriental chrysolite, and Oriental peridot.

The two main varieties of corundum crystals are blue (sapphire) and red (ruby). Other colors of corundum crystals include: black (emery), bronze, green, grey/brown, indigo, orange, pink, purple, white and yellow.

Translucent corundum gemstone is associated with the restoration of law and justice on the completely new level, with an absolute purification. Moreover, translucent corundum is believed to be a gemstone symbolizing the impossible prospects, a gemstone of dreams and dreamers. It helps those who dream to make their dreams come true. However, not every dreamer may wear jewelry with this gemstone: Capricorn, Aquarius and Pisces feel comfortable wearing this gemstone, but with other Zodiac signs it can bring about futile daydreaming and a desire to fulfill those futile dreams.

Ruby is considered to be the symbol of the past and the keeper of memories. With ruby you can bring back the past and repair your mistakes. The legend holds that ruby gives a man another chance. Also, ruby has been considered to be a gemstone of valor, strength and fire, a gemstone, which gives its holder strength of a lion, courage of an eagle and wisdom of a serpent. Ruby is said to aid with love charms, and it is not recommended for children as a child may be frightened by the deep fiery red of the ruby.

In Sanskrit language ruby is called «ratnaraj», which in fact translates as «king of gemstones». In Ancient India they believed that ruby is dedicated to the Sun. Lapidarias (medieval collection of gemstone-related references) state that «... that's ruby, it heals the heart, brain, and enhances power and memory ...».

Sapphire has been treasured for thousands of years. The ancient Persians believed that the earth rested on a giant sapphire and its reflection colored the sky. Sapphire has long symbolized truth, sincerity, and faithfulness. The Bible holds that Moses was given the Ten Commandments on tablets of sapphire, making it the most sacred gemstone. Because sapphires represent divine favor, they were the gemstone of choice for kings and high priests. The British Crown Jewels are full of large blue sapphires, and even more recently Prince Charles chose a sapphire engagement ring for Princess Diana. Sapphire was thought to have strong medical powers. At one time it was credited to remove all impurities and foreign matter from the eye. The ancients regarded star sapphires as a very powerful talisman, a guiding star for travelers and seekers of all kinds. Sapphire is the birthstone for September, but ancient lists also name sapphire as a birthstone for April and the gemstone for the sign of Taurus.

Blue sapphires have always been connected with the sky and vision. Ancient people believed that the Earth sat upon a huge sapphire, which reflected its color to turn the sky blue. Many believed that sapphires repelled envy and the spirits of darkness while attracting the spirits of light. Others think their power is restrained to merely revealing liars. Early physicians fed their patients powdered sapphires to cure insanity. Travelers wore sapphires to protect against accidents while en route. Those who wear sapphires are usually wealthy, as fine sapphires are valued about the same as diamonds.

Padparadscha sapphires are extremely rare and prized sapphires from Sri Lanka and Vietnam. Padparadscha is a combination of two Sanskrit words, «lotus» and «color», due to the comparison of the color to that of a lotus flower. The color is a stunning medium toned pink-orange. This gem is one of the only varieties of sapphires that can reach more per carat than the blue variety. These rare jewels are typically priced around $20,000 per carat!

Sapphires and rubies are rare and highly prized gemstones, which are listed among the most precious gems (rubies are more expensive, as they are less common), while yellow corundum, as well as other colored corundum varieties are valued much lower, and demand for them is not particularly high.

Beautiful gemstones are kept in museums and private collections worldwide. For example, the American Museum of Natural History in New York hosts the J.P. Morgan gemstone collection, which includes a magnificent sapphire (163 carats) and yellow corundum (about 100 carats), both from Ceylon. This collection also includes three magnificent star corundum crystals, the largest of which is the famous Edith Hagging De Long star ruby, a magnificent oval, cabochon-cut, six-rayed star ruby, with a rich purplish-red color, and of Burmese origin. In terms of size the De Long Star Ruby may perhaps be the second largest and finest star ruby in the world, measuring 3.8 cm in length and 2.5 cm in diameter. Among other noteworthy specimens in the J.P. Morgan are the Star of India - a star sapphire from Ceylon weighing 563 carats - and the Midnight Star - a deep purple star sapphire from Ceylon weighing 116 carats. In Paris, the Jardin des Plantes gemstone collection can boast two beautiful rough sapphire crystals: the Rospoli sapphire weighing 135 carats and nameless sapphire measuring 5 cm in length and 3.8 cm in thickness. St Edward's sapphire is set into the finial cross of the Imperial State Crown of Great Britain and is said to provide healing from seizures.

Corundum is easily synthesized, and many corundum crystals are synthetic. Synthetic gems are also easily created by adding traces of certain color producing elements to the corundum solution, and letting the solution solidify into a boule, or synthetic, unprocessed «mineral» with a particular shape. This process is called the Verneuil process. Natural ruby and sapphire stones are commonly heated to intensify the color. However, artificial stones are not highly valued and practically they have no commercial value. People still prefer natural corundum - a fascinating, mysterious, luxurious, exquisite gemstone.

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