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Precious Stones in the Crown of Russia

Thursday, 30 September 2010

precious stones Crown of Russia jewelryIt is of no doubt that any jewelry has its value. When the jewelry item is acknowledged the popular work of art and it’s value increases relatively. The precious jewelry acquires the invaluable status, especially when it has the traces of history and religion upon it. First, such jewelry come as various crowns and diadems of numerous monarchs, emperors, kings and rulers.

The list of remarkable and notable jewelry of royal regalia includes the Big Imperial Crown of the Russian Federation which is the cultural and historical heritage and the masterpiece of the art of jewelry.

A small historical excursion to the ancient Russia will show that the autocrats were crowned with the special crowns, the most known as Monomakh Crown. The real crowns close to European standards appeared in Russia during the reign of Peter I, when in 1724 the first crown was created for coronation of the Imperial Lady, Catherine I, wife to the emperor. Consequently the crown was remade few times to meet the requirements of the coming imperial authorities. It happened until the very Big Imperial Crown was made in 1762 especially for the event of coronation of Catherine II. The Crown later was laid upon the heads of all Russian rulers to the last royal person, Nikolay II.

The Big Imperial Crown was created by the reputed jewelers Georg Friedrich Eckart and Jeremy Posier, who were free to create anything they like providing that the crown should not weigh over two kg. In a creative tandem, Eckart was responsible for preparation of the drawings of the future item and the one who prepared the case for that. Posier was charged to pick up the precious stones. The work was completed for the record of two months to be estimated to 8200 Russian roubles. The association between the two jewelers was not friendly and for the longer time Eckart was believed to be the only author to the Crown who committed to hiding every contribution of Posier in creation of this masterpiece.

The shape for the Crown was adopted with the head wear used by the Eastern rulers. Actually it resembles the turban sultan would wear in India rather than the traditional crown of the medieval Europe. Two big hemispheres symbolized tow parts of the world, that is Europe and Asia, West and East united in the borders of the Russian Empire. Approximately five thousand (to be precise 4936) tiny diamonds with the total weight of 2858 carats are incrusted into these two big hemispheres. Fifty four tiny Indian pearls are also inserted into the crown, first for coronation of Paul I of Russia with the seventy two pearls of smaller size at the reign of Catherine.  

The biggest and all-known precious stone of the Big Imperial Crown is the ruby, that is spinel, mounted to the gold arch topped with the diamond cross weighing approximately 400 carats. This stone of rich red color is the traditional treasure to the Imperial House of the Romanovs. They acquired the stone almost a century before the Big Crown was made, in 1676. The stone was purchases by the Russian diplomats from Kangxi, the Emperor of China, and later it was the absolute part of all crowns used for Royal persons during the coronation ceremonies.

This ruby is the component to the mnemonic ensemble of the regalia of Russian emperors. A gin stone of intensive red color was complemented with a blue sapphire set into the orb and the brilliant diamond of white color set onto the sceptre. Therefore, these three biggest precious stones symbolized colors of the state гflag of Russia in white, blue and red colors. The Big Imperial Crown of Russian Empire was appropriately considered the major treasure of the royal family and in the late XIX century the net value of the jewelry without the symbolic historical value was estimated to a million of gold roubles of Russia. The replica of the Big Imperial Crown of smaller size was made by legendary jeweler Faberge for the coronation ceremony of Nikolay II and his spouse Aleksandra Fedorovna. The replica was named the Small Crown of Russian Empire which afterwards appeared to be the subject of detective stories and movies.

Unlike the Small Crown, the original Big Imperial Crown always stayed in territory of Russia itis kept in the Diamond Fund. In the early 2009 the mass media in America suggested an idea the Russia possessed a replica while the authentic Big Imperial Crown along with the other treasury by the Romanovs was buried in the Goby desert in Mongolia. These assumptions are based upon the statements of Russian descendants residing in America, though the historians found the statements unreasonable because of lack of documented evidences and the logical contradictions of the announced version. and in the period of post-revolution in 1917 it was found in treasury of the state. 

Currently it is kept in the Diamond Fund. In the early 2009 the mass media in America suggested an idea the Russia possessed a replica while the authentic Big Imperial Crown along with the other treasury by the Romanovs was buried in the Goby desert in Mongolia. These assumptions are based upon the statements of Russian descendants residing in America, though the historians found the statements unreasonable because of lack of documented evidences and the logical contradictions of the announced version.

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