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Latest Articles - Luxury

How To Wear A Wrist Watch Properly – The Lesson of Style

When purchasing watches, no one is questioned with how to wear watches, actually. This appears to be logical and rational. Nevertheless, the simplest things happen to be complicated sometimes. Everything is made from details and details sometimes mean far more than the whole. People who really wander how to wear watches properly exist and they are really concerned in this issue.

Cigar Lighters – Torches To Splash Delight

The Cuban leader Fidel Castro, a revolutionary Che Gevara, politicians Winston Churchill and Bill Clinton, writers Somerset Maugham and Mark Twain, the actor and the political figure Arnold  Schwarzenegger – these names are well-known and these figures are best known to the world for their political, social, literary and other achievements. Moreover, the abovementioned people highly esteem cigar smoking and, thus, they come as people who own the greatest number of tools and accessories so requisite for this leisurely process and among others there are cigar lighters.

Crystal Glass Tableware – A Song of Crystal

In the light of a variety and availability of glass items, glass ware is still appreciated by plenty people, especially when it comes to cut glass. The cut glass produces a long, lingering and musical tune when you put your finger at the cut-glass edge. So, in Japan the craftsmen make unique musical instruments. A crystal violin, completely transparent, is estimated for fifty thousand USD. Crystal glass tableware is not so much expensive though it is able to produce the charming, unique and so brittle music providing it is properly cared.

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Kings of France – the Throne for the Governors

Thursday, 30 September 2010

kings of FranceConsidering the fact that the modern state of France is the republic of the fifth generation, so called Fifth Republic as it is called, we can forget the fact that France was a monarchy since the date of establishment and to the end of the century before last. Yet, the monarchy system was traditional and the phrase by one of the Kings of France «State is Me!» is accepted as the pearl of the absolutism genre. Thus, in spite of the rich practice of revolutions and riots by the French nation, it is quite reasonable to observe the troubled thoughts about restoration of monarchy. The thoughts occur among the particular layers of population and political parties. Definitely, within the modern conditions of enhancement for France and European Community on the whole such turn is unlikely to happen.

The potential aspirants for the throne of France look quite interesting, all the more so the situation is too providing confused. There are three families in France the representatives of which announce in public that they are the state.

Over a period of two hundred year and since the end of the XVI century till the latest decade of the XVIII centuries France was governed by the Bourbon Dynasty. Henry IV of Navarre was the first representative of the Dynasty to ascend the throne. Henry IV of Navarre gained the title Great though his offsprings failed to rule intelligently otherwise the Great French Revolution would not happen that destroyed the monarchy system, killed the King Louis XVI and his royal family including his son Louis Charles. After the king was put to death in 1792 the French monarchists announced Louis Charles at the age of seven to be the following monarch, Louis XVII, though a boy failed to taste the ruling and enjoy the power for he died three years later. Then the epoch of the Republic came followed by the Napoléon Empire. After Napoleon defeated to the coalition of European countries, the Bourbons returned the power in behalf of two brothers. Louis XVIII was first to govern the country replaced by Carl Х. The latter was overthrown as a result of 1830 revolution and the latest representative of the French branch of Bourbons, Henry, the Duke of Bordeaux, died in 1883.

The name bourbons would never be mentioned any longer in regards to the illusory chances for the French Crown if there was not a Spanish branch from this family. The point is that the grandson to Louis XIV ascended to the Spanish throne in 1700 as Philippe V, and his descendant, Juan Carlos, is the King of Spain. In spite the Bourbons of Spain refused from rights of succession officially in 1713, the double-dyed monarchists of the country consider the Spanish branch of Governor as the eligible heir of Versailles.

The representatives of the Bonaparte Dynasty comes the next. Napoléon Buonaparte, thee genius commander and the outstanding statesman, the Emperor of the French Empire was the founder of this dynasty. As we know, he became the supreme ruler of France in the very end of the XVIII century, and he got the title of the Emperor in 1804. The only son to Napoléon called Napoléon II by the Bonapartists died young. The following representative of the family that reigned in France is the son to Louis Buonaparte, the brother to Napoléon I. Louis Napoléon Buonaparte was elected President of the French Republic in 1848 and four years later he announced himself the Emperor Napoleone III. However, he ruled till 1870 and then he fell from power; his only son, Napoléon Eugène Louis Jean Joseph, died young. So, the current members of Buonaparte family are the offsprings of Jerome, another brother to the Great Napoléon I.

The situation around the rulers from Buonapart family is too complicated since they fight and compete with other families and between each other. The present «Emperor of France» 58-year old Charles Napoléon (or Napoléon VII) is the conservative French politician, and in 2000 he nominated himself to the vacancy of the mayor for Ajaccio (the capital of Corsica, the historical motherland to Napoléon. He succeeded as a Vice-Mayor four yearslater. He declared the eldest representative of the Dynasty in 1997 after his father, Louis Napoléon died. Nevertheless, the trick is that Louis Napoléon declared in his will to grant the title of the Emperor to his grandson, Jean-Christophe who was born in 1986 but not to his son. Charles Napoléon took the advantage of the will not authenticated by the legal force since there are no Emperors in France. He stated that his father did not intend to deprive of the title and he refused to yield to his own son. Therefore, currently the dissidence occurred in the country of Bonapartists. Part of them recognizes the title granted to Charles Napoléon while the other believe that Jean-Christophe is the legal ruler.

The last competitive group is so called Orleans Dynasty that reckons from Philippe, duc d'Orléans, the younger brother to Louis XIV. After Carl X was dethroned in 1830, the representative of the eldest branch of Bourbons, the member of the Orleans Branch of Bourbons, Louis-Philippe I came to throne. However, he failed to hold the crown for some period since in 1848 the next revolution broke. The French disliked the monarchy systemand Louis-Philippe I was dethroned. His descendants kept on positioning themselves as the throne heirs and in 1883, after the last member to the elder Bourbons died, their positions strengthened.

The existing Head of the Dynasty, 35-year old Louis XX also insists upon the fact that the Orleans Family is the only legitimate heir of the throne. The adherents of the genuine Bourbons state that Louis-Philippe I of Orleans cannot be recognized as the legitimate heir from the Bourbon Dynasty since he is not the offspring of the King, but the brother Louis XIV. The Spanish branch of bourbons has genealogy from the direct descendant of the same Louis XIV.

On the whole, all the claims and pretenses put by modern kings and emperors of France is nothing but they cook the hare before it is caught. Moreover, all these dynasties have quite unstable genealogy fundamentals and today there is not a single person who can firmly state of his right to be the direct descendant of the King of France.

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