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Latest Articles - Luxury

Venetian Plasterwork

Venetian Plaster is the finishing technique when thin layers of plaster are applied with a spatula or trowel and then the smooth surface is created on the base of illusion of depth and texture. Venetian plaster is American-made term for the variety of different techniques and materials used to create the polished stucco finish. Venetian Plaster tells about its glamorous look of polished marble and natural stone to the design of your interior. The lavish and smooth finish is layered with the double-tone appearance of marble surfaces bringing the visual attention and charm. Natural marble is exceptional in Italy, however, it is the material for prosperous people to afford and, thus, the local craftsmen would aspire to create amazing less valuable of higher usability, and finally they came to the Venetian plasterwork.  

Sitting Room Furniture

A sitting-room is a place which is mainly decorated and designed to meet guests. This is the place where people sit and spend the time discussing over something. The dining room is for the loud parties and feasts. The meal is taken in the dining room and guests – in the sitting room, to be stated by one of classic writers. When you can boast with the apartments of eight rooms there, this is a perfect base to follow this principle providing you have a small family. The modern flats are rather smaller, unfortunately, and the place is used for many purposes then.

Niello – Ancient Jewelry Traditions

When passing by the windows of the jewelry shop, we stop to stare at those silver items with the ornament, whether intentionally or not. The frozen ornaments are encircled with the black paint in thinnest line against the silver glass. The lock of niello is fancifully twisted to admire. The Niello technique, nowadays almost forgotten, is one of the oldest ornamenting techniques in the world. The jewelry from niello perfectly shade a gentle woman skin and those made for men emphasize the status and individual style of wearer. The silver is created with the tint of aristocratism, lavishly and worthy to come to collections of family jewels. Niello is a black metallic alloy of copper, silver, sulfur, and lead, used as an inlay on engraved metal. It can be used for filling in designs cut from metal.

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The History of Cosmetic - the Facet of Image

Saturday, 10 April 2010

cosmetics historyNatural look is trendy for many seasons and more designers and models prefer natural cosmetic to decorative. yet,  the new tendency is supported with the idea that our ancestors never used makeup and however they had fresh skin and vigorous look. It is obviously true, though there is a contradicting nuance.

Our grandparents did use the cosmetics. Moreover, they used the cosmetics in the abundance that once the German traveler Oleariy mention in his papers that Russian women are «unskillful» in makeup application and they looked as if painted with real brushes. That was the fashion and women had to follow the trends.

The history of cosmetics dates back the same as the history of the mankind. And human beings always made attempts to look attractive and beautiful. And this concerns both men and women. We can consider the primitive tribes that still exist in the middle of nowhere on the planet which still adhere to the customs and traditions set by their ancestors. In particular, they paint their body and faces and even teeth in different colors. Any aboriginal owns a set of creams or ointments and dyes for face and body , a set of tools to apply the dyes, and honestly, any of them are able to show the higher class to the reputed stylists of the present time who are acknowledged to be skilled in makeup application.

Hot counties brought the cosmetic and the art of makeup application to other civilizations. Cleopatra would write something like a manual for women on how to apply makeup. That manual contained the tips on what was good for eyes and for face, whty dyes to be used for body and for hair, what components of the cream helped to rejuvenate and which cream would bring the success in love affairs.

Yet, this is not surprising that hot countries were the first to be in the avant-garde of the planet in such an important sphere of the society. The tropical climate assumes the sea baths throughout the year and regular everyday exposure of the skin to the sun and other climatic factors.  Too dry or too humid climate with the high temperature of the ambient air cause early wrinkles (early ageing of the skin), the favorable heat and warmth is favorable not only for the human beings but for insects as well. the tanned skin typical for the hot climates is attractive and looks very well though when you are alike all the other it soon gets too dull and people seek for something unique and different from what they have and possess.  

Therefore, the cosmetics played the double role. On the one hand, it absolutely complied the goal set in the name, when the cosmetics mean decoration or art to decorate. On the other hand, the paint and dye on the eyelids protected them from inflammation on the open sun and wind, cream and dye for face and body protected from wrinkles, rejuvenated the skin, protected from insects. Moreover, during the diggings in the Ancient Egypt the workers discovered a plenty of cosmetic belongings.  Ancient Egyptians would use the powder, dye for eyelashes and eyebrows and lipsticks. The lipstick of that time was like the colored ointment. There was a wide range of creams, ointments and lotions for the face and body needs there. Face whitening was in fashion in Ancient Egypt and the preparations used for this purpose were of such components hardly imaginable in our times. For example, Cleopatra used the crocodile excrements and beryl in the form of powder to whiten her face and make the skin soothe and silky.

The cosmetic set was a must tool to be put in the grave of people passed away in Ancient Egypt. The set consisted of seven kinds of essences and at least two kinds of ointments and the Egyptians believed that life existed after death and provided the deceased the items of first necessity, among which was the cosmetic tools.

The Ancient Egypt was like the country to manufacture the best cosmetic means. The fashionmongers of the Ancient Rome paid the fortune for the essences with the juice of white Nile lily and lotus (these essences were designed to nourish the facial skin and believed to give the trendy look), for the ointments from the roots and leaves of the breadfruit tree (such balms were thought to be the perfect means for skin lifting, thus for rejuvenation), for the rouge made from the juice of the Egyptian iris (the juice did not dye the skin but it caused the allergic reaction as the reddening that was retained for longer time).

The Roman women were generous to use the cosmetics. They dyed from the head to the tiptoes. They used ceruse and rouge, the powder light and colored, aroma essences and eye-shadows, lipsticks and dye for eyelashes and eyebrows. The qualified professionals like the present stylists practiced in Ancient Rome. They were the slaves who mastered the art of makeup application, face and body care techniques. The therms of the Ancient Rome were the analogs of the current cosmetic centers.

The Ancient China and Japan are also known to abuse cosmetics from the old times. Moreover, the Japanese and Chinese women were taught the art of makeup from the early ages. The Chinese children had their cheeks rouged to tell about their health.

The church in the Middle Ages forbidden use of cosmetics and it announced the cosmetic manufacturers as witches and magicians. And it is well understandable when a qualified stylist is able to make an ugly woman into a charming one and the art of transformation reminds of the magic.

During the times of Louis XVI the people whitened their faces rather than powdered. The layer of the powder was too thick, the rouge was too heavy. With the purpose to imitate the trendy sheer skin with vessels through the skin which was the sign of nobility, the veins were simply drawn over the powder. The French people suspended using makeup after it was announced to be illegal, after the Great French Bourgeois Revolution in 1789 when the cosmetics was acknowledged as the attribute to the royal power, but the French people returned the right to use the makeup during the times of the Directory.

The Bill of the British Parliament ceased the development of the beauty traditions in England for longer time. The British people were turned off the application of cosmetics after they were introduced to the Bill that said that a woman would be judged for the witchcraft if she seduced the homager of His Majesty with the help of perfume, rouge, high heels and clothes.  

The cosmetics triumphed the time when the feminism occurred as the trend in the world. in the early ХХ century new cosmetic means were invented that appeared to be revolutionary, including the new technique of makeup application (for example, the rule to match the cosmetics in regards to the color of skin and hair or the clothes).

And the cosmetics won.

Not totally, though. The pendulum has the reverse motion and now we meet the trend of natural beauty. And this is after the abundance of makeup. Natural beauty and well-cared women were always demanded and loved. And if cosmetic products were required for that, it was only welcomed.

The «natural beauty» will probably make the new twit in the soonest time and natural components will replace all the synthetic components of the cosmetic products. Rouge and lipsticks on the base of raspberry and cherry juice, or that from beetroot will become trendy as the modified and sophisticated products. Hair dues will be based on the onion peel either saffron with Camomile. And about Cleopatra’s secret to make the face whiter& is there a person to dare and try the recipe of the crocodile excrement and powdered beryl. If you have few beryls on you, you have the chance to get beautiful as Cleopatra. And good luck in the matter of beauty!

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