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Latest Articles - Luxury

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Fake Rubies – Illusion Of Flame

Sunday, 06 February 2011

fake rubiesScarlet ruby is rare in nature. And throughout centuries people longed to possess the miracle that blazes in hands. The charming luster of flame and magic power of this precious stone were too far dominating then icy diamonds. The demand for the ruby corundum or semi-precious stones was too high and the scientists came with the idea to invent synthetic rubies. The jewelers committed to the industry of making masterpieces and many jewelry collectors looked at rubies at the other angle with the higher values.

Synthetic rubies

Fake rubies are believed to be one hundred percent imitation for many decades. And the price for unnatural looking stone evoked the thought of the dyed glass.

However, the authentic rubies obtained in the industrial laboratories artificially are kind of the «clone» of the red corundum grown in the depth of the earth. It has the similar chemical and physical parameters though the purity is higher and almost no defects are present. So, the hardness of the synthetic stone is the same as that of the natural ruby, namely камня 9 points by the Moos scale which is one point less than that of diamond’s. As for the fake stones, they also exist though most of them have nothing to do with the glass. Thus, till the nineteenth century a range of stones of red shade was called as rubies. However, that was erroneous at all and the stone decorating the royal jewelry from the private collection by Elizabeth II, the Queen of England, was discovered to be the trivial spinel, though the noble mineral. Black Ruby is the pseudo-ruby at 352,2 carats that tops the crown and the Timur Ruby at 361 carats decorates the breast chain. This ruby is believed to be the imperial stone proved by the names of former owners engraved on its surface, including Tamerlan or Timur. The same happened to the crown of Elizabeth II where the gorgeous ruby-spinel is lustrous at almost 400 carats. The other stone, garnet, is usually confused with the ruby, even the synthetic one, which seems to be the high quality and purity stone to non-professional people.

Thus, rejecting all fakes from semi-precious stones and glass, we only need to decide on what is far more preferred, authentic rubies or artificially grown ones. And here the choice is easy to take. Rubies of larger size and of higher purity are rare in nature, as a fact, though the market price for them go till several hundred thousand dollars for the carat which significantly exceeds the cost of similar diamonds. Synthetic rubies are mass-produced and the weight of a single stone does not matter, the weight of the total mass matters. Ruby at 30 carats is easy to grow. For example, the weight of the largest synthetic ruby is 250 carats obtained after it was faceted by diamonds. So, the money we spend for the synthetic ruby is twenty times as less than the price we get the authentic ruby.

Synthetic ruby origin

In the end of the nineteenth century the oriental culture and traditions seized the mind of theworld with the unique features, wealth and exotic features. As the true decorative element for the Indian jewelry, ruby was popular though it was too expensive for it was rare and only wealthy people could afford it. So, this or other reasons caused many scientists and chemists put high attempts to get synthetic red corundum. Auguste Verneuil from France was more successful in all those attempts and he obtained the first synthetic ruby in his laboratory. The stone was similar to the real jewel and the reputed jewelers acknowledged the high level of art. Verneuil kept his invention confidential for about ten years though the intrusive colleagues off him including his friends distributed the growing carats of ruby around the world. the European markets as well as the countries of Middle East got full of synthetic red corundum. When the secret was unveiled, the price for rubies fell drastically.

However, the military period of the early XX century significantly changed the style of all life spheres, including production of jewelry. In spite of hard time, the demand for jewelry wasstill high. The reputed designers and jewelers considered the synthetic product morefavorably in the scarce of other noble stones. Many French jewelry companies, including Van Cleef&Arpels, manufactured massive jewelry with various curls from gold incrusted with diamonds and synthetic rubies.

The legendary actress, Liz Taylor, once was shocked with a stunning ruby pendant by Van Cleef&Arpels, after she acquired it for her amazing ruby collection by Cartier.

The Tuffany&Co from America caught the tendency up and announced that non-precious stones as rubies were considered then were worth of special attention.

Synthetic rubies, Sotheby’s and scandal

Once during post-war period the famous Auction House Sotheby’s put to auction a luxury necklace by the great jeweler from Italy, Hyacinto Melillo. The anonymous retailer purchased the necklace and afterwards it was revealed that rubies of lesser carats were synthetic not authentic. The special inspection was made and the experts made their verdict that stones were not replaced. However, it is still unknown whether the master knew of unnatural stones since the necklace was made in the ears close to the World War I.

Ruby cake for Cinderella in ruby shoes

Synthetic rubies were popular till the end of the twentieth century. And too many techniques were invented to make more synthetic rubies, beautiful with the effect of asterism that is the star or so-called cat’s eye inside the stone.

Today designers tend to make people astonish while applying synthetic rubies for luxury women’s bracelets, watches and necklaces.

So, the Japanese jewelers, created the cake studded with red berries  - 132 rubies weighing 90 carats  while the creamy garlands successfully replaced platinum chains. Such a sweet masterpiece for the solemn function was left untouched for its beauty.

The shoe designer Stuart Weitzman succeeded more and his luxury red shoes were bought by a Hollywood divas for 2.5 million USD. And the purest rubies were taken for decoration purposes totaling 960 pieces.

Whether the synthetic rubies fake or real, this is the individually taken decision. Though, the play of ref flame, the magic power still commit to the wish to purpose the gem.

Synthetic rubies have no magic to apply in life, though authentic stones have particular meanings specially for those who are born to wear rubies.

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