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Stones Grown Synthetically – Science Or Fake

Sunday, 13 February 2011

Stones Grown SyntheticallyWhen choosing the jewelry with some insertions, the consumers face such conception as synthetically cultivated stones, also called artificial. Actually such stones cause distract and confusion that can grow to indignation that some fake stones are offered instead of genuine gems. However, haste makes waste and no conclusions should be made so quickly since no every cultivated stone is a fake, but on the contrary, such stones can go over their natural brothers in quality.

Cultivated stones are the artificially grown minerals acquired in vitro identical to the physical and chemical and optical features of minerals mined in nature. In most cases, the purity, brilliance and richness of the color of cultivated stones outdo those of original natural minerals. The pearl cultivated at special farms also refers to this type of minerals though the term «synthetic» refers to minerals only.

Origin of cultivated stones

Alchemists of all times and place tried best attempts to seek the formula of the «philosopher’s stone», the one that makes metal into gold. The positive effect from the study is not known to wide public yet, though they managed to cultivate really precious stones from semiprecious materials. The French chemist Auguste Verneuil cultivated the first synthetic ruby in vitro conditions in 1892. His experience and the elaborated technology inspired many industrial companies to acquire the synthetic analogues of all known semi-precious stones in nature, including diamonds.

People used to cultivate pearls in the end of the XIX century .thanks to survey works by the Japanese scientist Kokihi Mikomoto. In 1983 Mikomoto received his first synthetic pearl. The secret of cultivation was beating-up of the foreign material to the shell and after the pearl starts growing. Mikomoto patented his creation in 1919 and the cultivated pearls captivated the European markets in huge scope.

In the early XX century synthetic rubies, emeralds, sapphires and pearls were highly demanded. Yet, the official ban by the Banque de France to trade in precious metals and stones triggered that. The reason of such occasions was the World War II, and the economy of European countries never revived and restored after first military actions. The demand for jewelry did not decrease though the craftsmen made their new works and masterpieces from the melted «old» jewelry, while stones were artificial to use.

Cultivated stones for royal family

The princess of York, Margaret Rose, owned several jewelries in her collection by the famous jeweler John Donald. The brooches, necklaces and earrings were special since synthetic diamonds, rubies and emeralds were synthetic. In 2006 several lots of these jewelries were put t auction at the Sotheby’s to the wide public. The preliminary estimate of each lot was lower than three thousand USD. However, the star-shaped brooch belonging to the Princess Margaret made from gold of 18 carats with synthetic emeralds and diamonds was sold for almost $25 thousand USD.

Her Majesty Elizabeth, the Queen of England, owns yellow diamonds of incredible beauty in her private collection created by the American laboratory of Gemesis Company. Most jewelry specially kept in the particular treasure room in the Buckingham Palace is mainly incrusted with precious stones.

Designed synthetic minerals

Since the time when the first surveys were held to receive synthetic stones, lots of companies were opened throughout the world involved in industrial cultivation of high quality minerals.

So, the American Company Gemesis succeeded in cultivating synthetic diamonds throughout decades which are so beautiful to apply by the reputed jewelers for their jewelry collections. So, the designer Taryn Rose collaborates with the Gemesis Company for several years already.

Yellow diamonds of varied faceting are perfect set in rings, pendants and earrings costing from five to twenty five thousand USD. One of designers involved in this activity, Lee Havens, created the necklace made from 72 yellow synthetic diamonds with the total weight of 64 carats to cost $ 500 thousand USD. The reputed brand Solaura manufacturing elite jewelry for VIP-persons also uses the diamonds made by the Gemesis Company exclusively. Thus, Hillary Clinton, the former US First Lady, prefers going out wearing a jeelry with the diamond of 4,25 carats of the stunning sunny color made by the designer Henry Dunay.

However, the Gemesis is not the monopolist in the segment of cultivated precious stones. So, the famous Austrian Company Swarovski is not just crystals from the rock crystal. It is the fairly large developed enterprise working under the mark Signity to synthesize and facet the high quality semi-precious stones which are seen in all collections by Swarovski. By the way, the Austrian craftsmen adopted the experience of the Russian enterprises in 1967 and mainly they adopted the approaches to cultivate методики по выращиванию fianite or zirconium.

The cultivated pearl is used almost by all world-known designers though the pioneer of nacre mineral obtaining is Mikomoto from Japan who created his own brand under his name.  The amazing collections demonstrating cultivated pearls are released every year. So, one of jewelries is named Miki as the tiny brooches shaped as miniature golden mice with a pearl on the back.

The jeweler is special for the mechanism that allows changing the beads of various color, from the snow-white to jet-black shade.

The cultivated stones are the best creation of humankind, indeed. Yet, it is wrong to call them fake or replica since such luxury is worth the best jewelry items to cause admiration again and again.

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