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Platinum World

Sunday, 22 March 2009

history platinum Production of platinum was initiated relatively recently however it seized the minds of the scientists for its exclusive physical peculiarities. But the concerned were merely jewelers who managed to finally bless this metal as the most noble and precious among other metals in «collaboration» of the most famous brands in jewelry world and with the help of the most elegant and charming women of the planet.

The history of platinum as well as that of gold and other precious metals, dated back million years. But even if the archeological findings attested indisputable evidence of the meaning that our ancestry attached to gold, use of silver in making cups, dishes and other staff of everyday use - relate to 2500 B.C. at least, then bad of the platinum  have absolutely other way not straight absolutely. And only the name of the metal reveals the great mistake from which suffered Spanish conquistadors when chasing the gold in the South America New Grenada they faced with significant and unevaluated traces of white gold.

It was considered as silver not knowing its origin in spite of the fact that platinum is harder, heavier and more solid,  and it was named «platina», that is  «small silver» (in Spanish «plata» means silver). Honestly speaking, a bit earlier conquistadors were in know of the platinum and it was also valued by Inca: small items from pure platinum were discovered in the beginning of our century in the Ecuadorian part of Esmeraldas and dated back from I to IV centuries D.C. This is the evidence that Inca were familiar with the metal; they could mine and process it considering it as a precious stone. However this is a single example in the history of platinum from the point of view of time and geography. Thesis on the obviousintroduction to the platinum with ancient people could not be even related to material evidences of the Egyptian culture. Platinum is present in some jewelry belonged to pharaohs of the eighteen dynasty (1551-1306 г до Р.Х.), and in the box of VIII century B.C. that belonged to the Priestess Shepenupet I, but this was only alloys where the metal id mixed with gold that evidence the fact that the Egyptians were not aware of its nature; they could not separate the platinum from other metals they mined in the pits.

And the most expensive metal in the world was ignored for longer time, since it was considered as silver of the poorest quality, and even the Spanish conquistadors neglected it. Further on not very much changed -at least to the middle of the seventeenth century in Europe there were no samples of «new» metal. Then mean merchants proceeded to use it for making fake gold (the unknown metal weighted a bit heavier than gold, and those times was much cheaper). The |Government of Spain forbade using the platinum and started to extract it from the depositaries to further sink in the river. Only to the middle of the eighteenth century platinum went out of that paradox «prison» to turn into the matter much and thoroughly studied by the scientists.

Among the most attractive contributions we can mark the Sweden scientist Teofill Sheffer who first defined that platinum is an independent metal, but not the alloy of gold with iron or «white gold» as many thought that time. He was the first to manage and melt the platinum with insignificant quantity of arsenic. The Deutsch Zigmund Marggraff separated platinum from other metals in mixture met in nature; the French scientists Macquier and Biome are the authors of the interesting experiments on forging of the white gold. Beyond the scientifica laboratories the most important figure in the history of platinum was the French scientist Ethien Jean, the court jeweler of post-revolution period. Using the method created by Theofill Sheffer, he invented the sugar pot nowadays kept in New York museum of art, and the coffee pot lost further. Thanks to him platinum won the positions of the precious metal.  

If we exclude some splendid but isolated examples of the seventeenth century of «aristocratic» use of platinum, then the real discovery of platinum capacity in the jewelry industry related to the threshold of our time. Luis Cartier was one of the pioneers of the new course who introduced successful blend of platinum, diamonds in the sphere where the absolute dominance of gold was never argued. In 1895 in regards of his Exhibition, he presented the entire collection of jewelry from platinum. That was triumph. Extreme perception by public and analogous orientation of the great jewelers, first of all Van Kliff and Arpels, Faberge and Tiffani son brought the platinum to the very new level - Art Deco.

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